In the hinterland of the Riviera, from Bakarac to Novi Vinodolski, there is a fertile valley VINODOL (Vallis vinearia). Located in the rocky and karst area, it used to be the only source of basic needs for the majority of the population.
Thanks to its geographic and spatial position, Novi Vinodolski represents objective tourist phenomenon, with a potential for quick transformation into an exclusive tourist resort, because it has clear water, suitable facilities for the construction of a hotel of the highest category, there are romantic horizons of green fields, rocks, deciduous and coniferous forests, and above all, picturesque and rugged coastline. The main goal of the younger generations is to provide such a perspective and future for their city.
Novi Vinodolski is an intersection of roads leading from Vinodol towards the sea, as well as roads that connects continental industrial centers with Croatian sea by shortest route across Ogulin through an area of high coniferous Kapela forests. The Adriatic tourist road connects Novi Vinodolski across Rijeka with central Europe and the rest of its parts. People from the coast have a saying that Novi Vinodolski is linked with the entire world seaway.
The Mediterranean region, with mild and pleasant warm and sunny summers, with daily temperatures softened by the sea breezes, allows us to say that, Novi Vinodolski has a mild and healthy Mediterranean climate with 2400 – 2500 sunny hours per year.
The average air temperature in winter is around 10° C, while in the summer it does not exceed 27° C – 29° C, so the average temperature is about 15° C.
It’s possible to swim already in May, when the sea temperature is about 18 ° C, while in the summer it can be around 26° C, but in peaceful and calm September, the sea temperature is returned to a comfortable 18° C – 20° C.
Although the days of the swimming season are sunny, the temperature is tolerable, as mild winds that blow through the Vinodol canal ease the summer heat and turn them into a favorable air baths.
The wind that blows from the continent to the sea (bura) is refreshing the coastal heat with mountain air, while the wind that blows from the sea to the continent (southern wind), carries moist but warm sea air. Other winds, such as the mistral, burin, the levant or the tramontana are particularly conducive to lovers of sailing.
Driving along the coastal road from Novi to Senj, there is a small tourist resort Povile, two kilometers southeast of Novi . City radiates with crystal clear water, beautiful pine camp with the small st. Magdalene church. This convex place was named Punta Mandal. Place this cheerful peculiarities that intoxicates the scent of pine resin bathed lace sea foam . This is a paradise for those who like to camp . At this point, in the shade of pine trees close to the sea , away from city bustle almost everyone will feel robinson.
Configuration of Vindolski coast, development of the coastline and a wealth of plankton as a precondition of marine fauna, was indicating to the residents of Vinodol their way for survival and development . The seabed was enableing the growth and development of marine fish . It is abundant with sufficient marine pastures, the so-called „brakovi“. The sandy bottom favors the life and growth of the noble white fish and crabs. These natural characteristics were observed by residents of Vinodol already at their settling, so they began to exploit the resources of the sea . They, admittedly, did not had a developed fishing skills, but during their population of this area, they found capable and brave people of the Illyrian tribes, the Liburnians . From them they heave learned how to swim, paddle, navigate, fish.
Seafront promenade is connecting Kenovica with neighboring place Smokvica. On the coast, 12 kilometers from Novi, below the Adriatic highway and krmpotski Kapela massif, is the village of Smokvica. The composition and the form of soil of Smokvica and its surroundings have all the characteristics of Croatian rubble mixed with sparse vegetation that gently slopes down to the very sea. Due to the porosity of the soil from the upper regions of Krmpot plateau, descends intermittent plenty of drinking water in the form of submarine springs through permeable layers of rubble behind on many places along the coast which, due to the to history, was crucial for population od the place . It’s where the warm coastal and cool mountain climate, especially in winter months, creates an extremely strong air flow and wind, especially in the east -west orientation . Other sea currents are favorable for sailing enthusiasts.
It is not known exactly when it was built Ledenice city and village around it. We can assume that there could have been some Illyrian forts or Roman military station. This assumption is supported by fertile ground of Ledenice field with a drinking water source at the foot of the ruins, and closeness of the sea with good harbors. In the old Ledenice were found some Roman coins, and in Poviljska Draga, Roman amphorae were found in 1961. During the reign of the Roman, Ledenice were part of the Roman Liburnia. Over the Ledenice area was passing the roman road, leading from Tarsatica (Rijeka) to Senj (Senj) and continueing to Dalmatia. The remains of this Roman road are still seen today near the Ledenice, and are known as the “roman path or the roman road.” We know for certain that Ledenice existed in the 13th century, thanks to the representatives who were present at the signing of „Vinodolski zakonik“ in 1288, the oldest juridical code in this part of Europe. In the 13th century Ledenice place belonged to the old Croatian Vinodol principality as a separate municipality. Frankopani and Uskoci were seatead here. People of Ledenice provided great resistance to Turks in 15th and 16th century. As a fort of Krajina, they had the great importance for the defense of the Coast, they were the key of Vinodola..